Sometimes, after a hard day at work, a simple beauty routine like ‘cleanse’ and ‘moisturise’ can seem like two steps too long. Applying makeup in the morning can be a real chore too, but at least modern cosmetics are safe and are also designed to be relatively simple to apply. Imagine waking up in Tudor England as a lady from a wealthy family. Admittedly, this is a strange request, but I promise you will never complain about your beauty regime again!!
Depictions of the female form in Renaissance art suggest that the feminine ‘ideal’ for this period were voluptuous and very fair-skinned young women. For many women, these ideals were completely out of reach; a significant number worked outdoors, causing their skin to tan and therefore age prematurely. In addition to this, calorie-rich food was scarce for some of the poorer members of society, making it really difficult (in conjunction with physical labour) to put on sufficient weight to be considered an attractive and healthy shape. Indeed, the only women who had the time and funds to pursue this ideal were often wealthy, with no need to work outdoors in physically demanding jobs. However, even the pale complexion of a serial sun avoider wasn’t quite pale enough…
Evidence suggests that Tudor ladies tried to further enhance the paleness of their skin using ingredients such as white lead – yes, you read that right. Lead!! Mercury was another cosmetic favourite. Farah Karim-Cooper’s 2006 book ‘Cosmetics in Shakespearean and Renaissance Drama’ suggests that ‘a spotted face or forehead in the Renaissance carried suggestions of sin and duplicity’, which might explain why women were happy to plaster their faces with toxic substances that would no doubt have some pretty nasty health implications.
Beautification didn’t just stop at makeup, though – a high forehead and perfectly arched brows were also the height of fashion for high-born Tudor ladies. Plucking and taming your eyebrows may seem like a bit of a faff at times, especially when you are in a rush, but imagine if your eyebrows were only the beginning! Next stop, plucking your hairline…
Women weren’t the only ones to have to put up with some fairly ‘quirky’ health and beauty practices though. According to the very amusing ‘Horrible Histories’ team, human faeces was mixed with honey to help treat rotting teeth… So, do you still think that your bedtime routine of face-washing and tooth-brushing is a bit of a bore? I didn’t think so!
 Karim-Cooper, F. (2006) ‘Cosmetics in Shakespearean and Renaissance Drama’ Edinburgh University Press.